YouTube is a popular site for sharing videos where users can review, comment on and rated. Commenting and rating on the videos that require registration, scanning is not. Exceptions are videos that are not suitable for persons under 18 years of age. Users can upload their own videos or those clips for which they have permission from the author, is prohibited uploading videos that contain pornographic content, violence, criminal acts, profanity … YouTube reserves the right to delete, and change of use of loaded content.
The emergence of YouTube
The founders of the website Youtube are Chad Hurley , Steve Chen , Jawed Karim . Before that they were employed by the companyPayPal . Domain name “YouTube.com” was activated on 15 February 2005 and the next few months in a state of development. InMay 2005, the site was put on display to the public until six months later it started operation. YouTube was initiated by the private sector, in November 2005, the company Sequoia Capital invested 3.5 million and in April 2006 another 8 million dollars. 9. In October 2006 it was announced that the company will be taken over by Google for 1.65 billion dollars in shares. The deal was completed 13.novembra. The agreement includes the Youtube retain its 67 employees and operates independently from Google. According to statistics from June 2006, YouTube is reviewed daily to 100 million people in 24 hours, it was downloaded 65,000 new videos. According to data from research firm Nielsen / NetRatings site visits to nearly 20 million users, of which 44% are women and 56% of men aged 12 to 17 years.
Impact on Society
YouTube as a free medium for publishing videos become a tool for promoting unknown film and music authors, which in this way come to the other public media such as radio andtelevision . In May of 2007, the company offered to authors that have the most views, to become their partners and in this way they get kickbacks they receive from advertising on YouTube. The Power of Youtube site was also recognized by politicians . Candidates for the US presidential elections in 2008, using YouTube as a medium for the presidential campaign, are used primarily by Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton . Voters were able to watch videos in which presidential candidates express their goals. US media say that YouTube has played an important role for the defeat of Republican Senator George Allen, due to the recording in which a senator showing racist attitudes.
Although YouTube does not allow publishing of content protected by the copyright laws of the United States , such posts appear constantly. This includes television shows, commercials, music videos, recordings, concerts … If you are the copyright owner does not sign, the only way to find such content with keywords and tags (tags), which are placed next to the recording. For breach of copyright against YouTube filed many complaints and initiated several legal proceedings. For example, Japan Society for the protection of copyrights (JASRAC) demanded that YouTube remove thousands of recordings of popular Japanese musicians. In February of 2006, broadcast on NBC requested the removal of copyrighted content, while YouTube is increasingly gaining in reputation, in July the same year, NBC decided for unusual step and offered a hand cooperation. Since then YouTube is officially NBC’s channel where you can watch clips from their productions. In August 2006, YouTube announced his intention during the 18 months offer on its website all the music videos that have ever been made.Warner Music Group and EMI attend the project and in September signed an agreement with YouTube in October contracts have been signed yet CBS, Universal Music Group and Sony BMG. Under the agreement, YouTube, the company ceded the right to broadcast music videos from their production for a limited portion of advertising revenue with YouTube.
YouTube video playback using Macromedia FlashPlayer 9, which is easy to use. It is necessary to install the Flash plug-in browser, considered to be about 90% of computers connected to the Internet is already installed. Videos are played with 25 frames per second at a resolution of 320×240 pixels ( pixel ), with a maximum flow of data up to 300 kbps. Users can upload videos in WMV (Windows Media Video), AVI (Audio Video Interleave), MOV (QuickTime Movie) and MPEG (Moving Picture Experts Group) format which YouTube automatically converted to FLV (Flash Video) format. Storing the video is disabled, but there are apps and extensions for browsers which allow this.
10 October 2009 by Chad Hurley on his blog wrote that the day progledanih billion over the video.
In September 2010, YouTube is adding new languages for its interface, and among them also Slovenian.